The Ancient Giants of Lake Winnemucca

According to an ancient legend, North America was once inhabited by a race of giants that were much taller and stronger than the average man. These giants, a red-haired tribe of cannibals known as the Si-Te-Cah, often harassed the Paiute tribe with war and captured their victims to eat. After many years of conflict, the Paiute tribes banded together to destroy the Si-Te-Cah. As the battle went on, the last of the red-haired giants were chased into a cave by the Paiutes. They demanded the giants to come out immediately, but they refused. As a form of retaliation, the Paiutes set the cave on fire with flaming arrows – suffocating and burning the Si-Te-Cah alive.

Because of an earthquake, the cave’s entrance eventually collapsed – leaving it only accessible to bats. These bats produced an abundance of guano, a valuable ingredient in gunpowder. This guano discovery led many humans back to Lovelock Cave, also known as Bat Cave, Horseshoe Cave, Sunset Guano Cave and Indian Cave. Lovelock Cave is located approximately 20 miles south of Lovelock, Nevada. 

In 1911, the Sunset Guano Mining Company was formed specifically to mine the guano. During the mining process, several artifacts were discovered, including bones, baskets and weapons. In 1924, archaeologists were notified of these artifacts. And even though several of them had either been lost or destroyed, more than 10,000 were successfully recovered. Two of the successfully recovered artifacts included a male and female mummified red-haired giant. The male giant measured 8-feet tall, and the female giant measured 6.5-feet tall. The remains of red-haired giants weren’t only discovered inside Lovelock Cave. 

In 1931, two giant skeletons were found near Lovelock, Nevada in the Humboldt dry lake bed. One of the skeletons measured 8.5-feet tall, and the other measured nearly 10-feet tall. In 1939, another giant skeleton was discovered at Friedman Ranch, measuring 7 feet, 7 inches tall. Several artifacts can be viewed in Winnemucca, Nevada at the Humboldt Museum. Unfortunately, the red-haired giant skulls aren’t on public display. However, if you ask to view them, you’ll likely be able to.

Humboldt Museum 175 Museum Ave  
Winnemucca, NV 89445

Curiously enough these Giant remains were discovered near Nevada's dried-up Winnemucca Lake, where there are several limestone boulders with deep, ancient carvings. These carvings have been recently dated by science as the oldest rock csrvings in America. Some resemble trees and leaves, whereas others are more abstract designs that look like ovals or diamonds in a chain. The true age of this rock art had not been known, but a new analysis suggests these petroglyphs are the oldest North America, dating back to between 10 500 and 14 800 years ago. Though Winnemucca Lake is now barren, at other times in the past it was so full of water the lake would have submerged the rocks where the petroglyphs were found and spilled its excess contents over Emerson Pass to the north.

To determine the age of the rock art, researchers had to figure out when the boulders were above the water line. The overflowing lake left telltale crusts of carbonate on these rocks, according to study researcher Larry Benson of the University of Colorado Boulder. Radiocarbon tests revealed that the carbonate film underlying the petroglyphs dated back roughly 14 800 years ago, while a later layer of carbonate coating the rock art dated to about 11 000 years ago.hose findings, along with an analysis of sediment core sampled nearby, suggest the petroglyph-decorated rocks were exposed first between 14 800 and 13 200 years ago and again between about 11 300 and 10 500 years ago. 'Prior to our study, archaeologists had suggested these petroglyphs were extremely old,' Benson said in a statement. 'Whether they turn out to be as old as 14 800 years ago or as recent as 10,500 years ago, they are still the oldest petroglyphs that have been dated in North America.'

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